Scientists have contributed a lot in the development of Human life and humanity, their contributions have made our life simple, easy and have helped the humanity in reaching to new horizons. But the lives of these scientists had not been so easy in the past, some of the scientists have faced tortures and numerous other hurdles from different groups of the society who thought that theories by scientists are against them and their beliefs, but scientists were undeterred fo these hurdles and have contributed to the society. In this article, we are sharing some of the greatest scientists of the world, based on their contributions. Obviously, we might miss some of the scientists on the list.
Top 10 Greatest Scientists in History of World
10.Otto Hahn (8 March 1879 – 28 July 1968)
Otto Hahn was a german chemist, one of the pioneers in the field of radioactivity and radiochemistry, he was awarded Nobel Prize in chemistry for the discovery of Nuclear fission and regarded as “the father of nuclear chemistry”.
9.James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879)
Maxwell was a Mathematical physicist, his research laid the foundation of special relativity and quantum mechanics, his contribution is compared as of the contribution by Issac newton and Albert Einstein.
8.Charles Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882)
He was a geologist and is famous for his theory of Evolution of species in 1959, he is considered as one of the most influential people in the Human history.
7.Werner Heisenberg (5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976)
He was a theoretical physicist from Germany, he is known for the uncertainty principle published in 1927 and was later awarded Nobel prize in physics in 1932 for the “creation of quantum physics”.
6.Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC)
He was a greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander The Great. His writing included different topics including physics,government,poetry,logic,politics,biology and zoology etc.
Some of his observation on different topics proved to be accurate later.
5.Plato (428/427 BC – 348/347 BC)
He was a Philosopher and a Mathematician, he was the founder of Academy in Athens(the first institution for higher studies in Western World), Plato with his teacher and student laid the foundation of Western philosophy and Science.
4.Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642)
He was a Physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher. He made revolutionary improvement in the telescope.
He is known as “father of modern observational astronomy”, the “father of modern physics”, the “father of science”, and “the Father of Modern Science”.
He proved that the Earth revolves around the Sun, although later he was house arrested for his theories which appeared to attack on the pope and during this house arrest he wrote “Two New Sciences” which laid the foundation of kinematics and strength of materials.
3.Thomas Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931)
He was an American inventor, he invented numerous devices that have impact on life all over the world, like the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting practical electric light bulb, He was the first person to apply the principle of mass production and due to this he is being credited with the creation of first industrial research laboratory.
Thomas Alva Edison is the fourth most prolific Inventor of the world, who have 1093 patents in the US and in some other countries.
2.Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727)
He was a mathematician and physicist and one of the most influential scientists of all time, his book “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy” laid the foundation of classical mechanics, He formulated the Laws of Motion which are popularly known as Newton’s Law of Motion and law of gravity.
1.Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955)
He was a Theoretical physicist, he received Noble prize of physics in 1921 for his discovery of photoelectric effect, however, he is more popular for his “theory of relativity” which is one of the pillars of Modern physics and for the energy mass equivalence formula E = mc2 which is the most popular equation of the world.
We might have missed some of the greatest scientists who deserved to be on the list if you think that we should add them to the list just mention their name in the comment section below.